Over the weekend, Astoria released a report (click here) highlighting the performance of various asset allocation strategies during prior epidemics. We believe the most important statistics from our report are as follows:
Since 1981, there have been 11 major epidemics for which we have a 3-year track record of measuring how a 60/40 portfolio would have done over the subsequent 3-year period when the epidemic struck.
In only 1 instance, did a 60/40 portfolio produce a subsequent negative 3-year total return (-142bps for the Bird Flu virus in 2006).
Of the 11 epidemics, there has been only 2 instances where the subsequent 1-year return was negative for a 60/40 portfolio (-458bps for HIV in 1981 and -112bps for Measles in 2014).
We realize that investors will argue that this time is different, China is a bigger part of the global economy, and the Coronavirus is both a demand and supply shock. All this is indeed factual.
If you triple the worst-case return for a 60/40’s portfolio on a 1-year basis (-458bps for HIV in 1981), this would equate to a theoretical 13.7% decline. In our view, this is not a draconian outcome for a long-term strategic asset allocation strategy.
What’s the ETF Playbook for 2020?
In our view, we believe the following strategies will be prudent for the balance of 2020.
High-quality stocks are likely to stay in demand. The majority of our global equity risk is in high-quality ETFs (DGRW, IHDG, DGRE) with the exception of MCHI. Specifically, these high-quality stocks have relatively attractive balance sheets and have demonstrated the ability to grow their earnings. With regards to our China overweight, have you noticed that China has dramatically outperformed the US over the past 1-month?
Dividend growers and high dividend yielding stocks are likely to stay in demand given the zero bound interest rate environment. Astoria recently developed an Enhanced Income Model where we attempt to double the yield of the Bloomberg Barclays US Aggregate Bond Index while delivering comparable levels of risk. We are overwriting short dated calls on our equity positions to help soften our portfolio volatility. Astoria believes this is an ideal environment for option overwriting given how elevated front month implied volatility is.
We believe large caps over small caps makes intuitive sense in a global economic slowdown. We don’t own any small cap ETFs in our dynamic portfolios.
Gold is likely to continue to stay in demand as economic uncertainty increases, recessionary risks loom large, and we are at a zero bound in rates globally. Astoria has owned gold for several years now and we don’t plan on selling.
Alternatives were an impossible sale when the S&P 500 rallied over 300% over the past decade. Those days are long gone, and we think portfolios will now start to incorporate alternatives. The key is to find alternative ETFs that are negatively correlated to stocks.
Longer duration bonds will outperform as the probability of rates rising is low. We have extended duration slightly over the past 12 months. TLT and ZROZ are up 15-20% year to date. Should we be buying TLT or ZROZ? We don’t think so. Why? While long duration strategies could continue to rise, we don’t think the risk/reward is attractive. If the goal is to hedge equity risk, Astoria believes the risk/reward of using non fixed income alternatives is more attractive. We continue to hold gold (GLDM), gold miners (GDX), merger arbitrage (MNA), and long/short market neutral strategies (BTAL) as part of our alternatives.
Finally, Astoria has shifted our ETF portfolios to be more defensive in recent years via our factor tilts, our overweight towards higher-quality stocks & bonds, and our allocation towards alternatives. Specifically, our alternatives have been chosen because they’ve demonstrated the ability to be negatively correlated to stocks. These principles have guided Astoria well thus far, particularly during acutely volatile markets.
On Feb 19, Astoria went on CNBC and mentioned we thought the impact of the Coronavirus would spread to US and European stocks. At the time, it was a China centric concern. Check out our interview (click here).
Astoria’s Portfolio Construction Tilts
In the tables below, we show our portfolio construction tilts towards different equity regions of the world, as well as across fixed income.
Aside from our Multi-Asset Risk Strategy Model (MARS), which is designed to have slightly higher active risk, we have been underweight the US market across our all our risk-based ETF models and overweight the rest of the world. Our view was that US stocks were more vulnerable given higher PE ratios and crowded positioning.
Within Fixed Income, our view was that US treasuries had little room for upside given lower rates. Treasuries did provide a negative beta to stocks, but we simply think they are too expensive to warrant an overweight. While Munis and Mortgage Backed Securities don’t have as much negative beta as Treasuries, their risk/reward is more attractive on a longer-term basis.
Source: Vanguard, Astoria Portfolio Advisors. Data accessed on March 2, 2020. All data shown is expressed in basis points (bps) aside from Duration.
Bloomberg Total Risk, Equity Risk & Style Factor Exposures
Using Bloomberg’s risk model, we show the total risk contribution from a variety of asset classes. Naturally the higher the equity allocation we hold, the greater the equity risk contribution to that specific model.
Below we show the equity risk contribution from Country, Style, & Industry risk.
Our models are tilted towards Profit & Dividend Yield and tilted away from Size & Growth.
Below we show the fixed income risk contribution from Yield Curve & Spread risk.
Our models are tilted towards Municipal Spreads & Municipal Slopes and tilted away from Sovereign Spreads and Sovereign Slopes.
Source for the above tables: Bloomberg, Astoria Portfolio Advisors. Data as of March 2, 2020. Risk Model Source = Bloomberg Global Risk Model. Benchmark = MSCI ACWI and Bloomberg Global Aggregate Bond ETFs. Both the AGG ETF and the BNDX ETF were used proportionately to represent Bloomberg Global Aggregate Bond benchmark portion. Note that Astoria’s benchmarks are a blend of MSCI ACWI, Bloomberg Global Aggregate Bond, and Wilshire Liquid Alternative. The above analysis is purely for illustrative purposes to demonstrate Astoria’s factor exposure.
Astoria Portfolio Advisors Disclosure: As of the time of this writing, Astoria held positions in DGRW, IHDG, MCHI, IHDG, DGRE, GLDM, GDX, GLD, IAU, MNA, and BTAL across a variety of our ETF model portfolios. Note that this is not an exhaustive list of our ETF holdings across either Astoria’s dynamic or strategic ETF portfolios. Our holdings will vary depending on risk tolerances, tracking error bands, and client mandates. For full disclosure, please refer to our website.