Equities Gain in October
Amid hopes for a slowing pace of interest rate hikes, equities mainly were up in October as the Dow Jones Industrial Average Index gained 14%, posting its best month since January 1976. US small-caps were among the best performers (+12.1%), followed by US value stocks (+11.5%), and US mid-caps (+10.5%). Bonds were mixed as both high-yield credits and TIPS increased (+3.4% and +1.4%, respectively) while both the US Aggregate Bond Index and 7-10 year US Treasuries fell (-1.3% and -1.5%, respectively). Aside from gold (-1.8%), commodities produced positive returns as crude oil was up 9.6%, broad-based commodities rose 1.6%, and silver gained 0.7%.
Fed to Hike Large in November, but may Debate Slowdown in Future Increases
At the upcoming November FOMC meeting, the Federal Reserve is expected to raise interest rates by 75 bps for a fourth consecutive time, leaving the federal funds rate at the 3.75–4.00% range. The magnitude of the hike is likely due to stubbornly high inflation readings, given September CPI (Consumer Price Index), PPI (Producer Price Index), and PCE (Personal Consumption Expenditures) data remain elevated relative to the previous month. However, some Fed officials and economists are arguing that it may be time to slow the pace of interest rate increases given the lagged effects of tightening on the economy. Earlier in the month, Fed Vice Chair Lael Brainard expressed that the US economy may be slowing faster than expected. Referring to sectors like housing that are directly affected by the level of borrowing rates, she said, "Output has decelerated so far this year by more than anticipated.” Moreover, San Francisco Fed President Mary Daly recently stated, “The time is now to start talking about stepping down.” This potential slowdown may materialize soon, given the majority of economists in an October 17th-24th Reuters poll have forecasted a 50 bps increase at the coming December FOMC meeting.
Housing Market Continues to Weaken
Among increasing rates, the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) Housing Market Index fell for the 10th straight month in October. This marks the lowest builder confidence reading since August 2012, aside from the onset of the pandemic.
S&P Gains as Earnings Growth Slows?
Through the midpoint of earnings season for Q3 2022, the aggregate difference between companies’ actual earnings and estimated earnings is below their 5-year and 10-year averages. Yet, the S&P 500 Index is up over 8% for the month. A plausible reason for such market positivity is that investors expected earnings to crash entirely this quarter, but corporate profits have remained strong and haven’t declined as much as anticipated.
Years with Fewer Up Days Tend to be Followed by Years with Stronger Returns
Through October 18th, the S&P 500 produced a positive daily return on only 43.5% of days throughout 2022. Aside from 1982, all years with less than 45% of up days have seen negative returns. Notably, 71% of subsequent years have seen positive returns, which tend to be above the 12.5% average return for these periods.
Value Looks Like it has a Lot Further to Run
Changes in market leadership oftentimes go under the radar. While many investors are continuing to buy the dip in technology and growth stocks, value is quietly outperforming. Our view is that we are entering into a multi-year trend where new market leadership will come from energy, materials, commodity equities, natural resources, and other value-centric asset classes. Only time will tell, but these cohorts demonstrate a margin of safety which isn't the case with growth stocks.
What's the right multiple to pay for stocks with rates at these levels?
To be bearish after a 30-35% decline in the average stock would likely imply a belief that the economy is going into an extended and protracted recession. This is not our base case. Multiples have also derated significantly, and value stocks with PE ratios near 11 seem to offer a good risk reward if you have a long time horizon. Moreover, sentiment is as bad as it was in 2008. There are numerous reports showing that the 60/40 portfolio is currently on track for its worst return in 100 years. We view these stats as contrarian indicators. As inflation is the cause of this market downturn, we believe it should be the signal to identify a turning point. Forward inflation indicators are declining, and the economy is slowing quickly. We feel the Fed ultimately will acknowledge this and, in turn calm stresses in the global economy. We’ve had uncertainties about markets heading into 2022 and believe that view has materialized. Are there risks out there? Of course, but investing is never a slam dunk. Stocks now have competition with the fed funds rate at 3.00-3.25% and potentially heading to 3.75-4.00%. As of October 31st, you can purchase a 2-year Treasury bond and collect approximately 4.4%. What’s the right multiple to pay for stocks with rates at these levels? We believe that’s the biggest portfolio construction debate and will be for all of 2023. In the meantime, we advocate nibbling on stocks and high quality short-duration bonds with maturities ranging from 3-6 months.
Warranties & Disclaimers
As of the time of this publication, Astoria Portfolio Advisors held positions in IEMG, IVE, SPMD, SPY, SPSM, QQQ, IEFA, MUB, TIP, AGG, IEF, HYG, LQD, BCI, GLD, USO, and SLV on behalf of its clients. There are no warranties implied. Past performance is not indicative of future results. Information presented herein is for educational purposes only and does not intend to make an offer or solicitation for the sale or purchase of any specific securities, investments, or investment strategies. Investments involve risk and, unless otherwise stated, are not guaranteed. The returns in this report are based on data from frequently used indices and ETFs. This information contained herein has been prepared by Astoria Portfolio Advisors LLC on the basis of publicly available information, internally developed data, and other third-party sources believed to be reliable. Astoria Portfolio Advisors LLC has not sought to independently verify information obtained from public and third-party sources and makes no representations or warranties as to the accuracy, completeness, or reliability of such information. Astoria Portfolio Advisors LLC is a registered investment adviser located in New York. Astoria Portfolio Advisors LLC may only transact business in those states in which it is registered or qualifies for an exemption or exclusion from registration requirements.